Mangrove Forest
Mangrove Forests are found in the intertidal zone along the fringe of sheltered bays, rivers and creeks. Mangroves include a diverse range of woody plants including trees, shrubs, palms and ground ferns. These plants are grouped together because they share physiological and ecological adaptations to cope with the challenging conditions found in the intertidal zones. Around Hays Inlet the Grey Mangrove (Avicennia marina) dominates the forest although other mangrove tress including the River Mangrove (Aegiceras corniculatum), the Yellow Mangrove (Ceriops tagal), the Stilted Mangrove (Rhizophora corniculatum) and the Milky Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha) are also present. Mangrove habitat provides habitat for specialist fauna including fish, crabs, gastropods and other invertebrates as well as provide roosting sites for birds and arboreal mammals. Debris from Mangroves including fruit leave and stems provide a key component of the food chain which drives the ecology of Moreton Bay. At different stages of the tide mangroves also provide food and shelter for many species of fish including commercial species. In fact nearly 70% of all commercial species of fish and crustaceans spend some part of their life cycle associated with Mangroves. A recent study valued Fish production at US$37,500.00 per year per hectare of Mangrove Forest. Apart from providing high fish production mangroves also provide protection for the coast from storm surges and are very effective agents of storing carbon.

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